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What are some of the points to be considered while developing a test automation framework?

by John

In the field of Automation testing services, customers and the business community fully understand the benefits of implementing a test automation company framework. A test automation framework plays an important role in the success or failure of a software automation project. So what is a test automation framework? What best practices should I follow to create a test automation framework? Explore these new concepts and gain insights for building great test automation frameworks.

How to design a test automation framework?

Here is a list of things to consider when designing a framework.

1. Create a wrapper method for the library (if needed).

Writing wrapper methods is one of the real ways to extend the functionality of the library. An example of extending the wrapper approach is to enable better logging capabilities in Selenium and to properly handle errors.

2. Implement a custom logger.

When you run a test case, you must log activity information to a file. This additional information can be used as a reference for future audits and tests. Therefore, you must implement a logging infrastructure and customize it for this requirement. A common logging framework for Java is log4j, and a common logging framework for Python is a custom logger.

3. Choose an appropriate design template.

Choosing an appropriate design pattern is important and provides best practices for creating a test framework. Accelerate test case development, avoid small problems that can lead to big problems, and improve code readability. The most common design pattern used to create selenium automation frameworks is the Page Object Model (POM). This decouples UI tasks from functionality and keeps your code clean.

When locators change in your project, you can easily change them in the same folder. Locator Reusability and you can avoid duplicate locators.

4. Decouple testing from the automation framework.

It’s always a good idea to separate your test script logic from your test automation infrastructure. Code readability is improved so that the code is readable.

5. Create an appropriate folder structure in your code.

6. Independent user interface, web service, business logic, database

The most important principle in designing a framework is the separation of concerns. So you can avoid confusion by creating additional layers in your web services, APIs, databases, and UI frameworks. It’s a good idea to create another layer because the test design pattern may not cover the additional layers of the framework architecture. The best example is the decoupling of SoapUI from the SeleniumWeb driver integration.

7. Build and CI

Continuous integration is a development technique that integrates with build Automation testing services and tools such as Maven to ensure that software runs without interruption after a committed decision has been made.

Designing of the Test Automation Framework

Generally, an automation testing services is defined as a physical or conceptual structure written to provide support or guidance to entities that can be extended in the future. Others define it as the way organizations do things. It is widely accepted in the software industry to follow a set of standards or frameworks that contribute to the success of a software project. In simple terms, a test automation framework can be defined as a set of processes, standards, and component interactions for which scripts are designed and executed. Here are some of the important parameters that software testers should keep in mind when developing an Automation testing framework.

  1. Separate scripts and data
  2. Create a library
  3. according to coding standards
  4. It offers great scalability.
  5. Reduced maintenance
  6. Script/framework versioning
  7. Let’s take a closer look.
  8. Separate scripts and data

Automated test scripts are decoupled from input data stores (XML files, Ms-Excel, flat files, databases, etc.). So when you need to modify data from multiple input values, you have to modify the test script. you should avoid doing this.

  • Library

A library must contain all reusable components and external links: database, common functions, application functions, etc. Software testers should only touch implemented libraries, and testing should be done by calling those libraries.

  • Coding standards

Scripting standards should always be maintained throughout the Automated testing framework. This prevents individual coding practices, maintains code consistency, and makes it easier for testers and software developers to interpret.

  • Scalability and maintenance

An ideal Automation testing services framework should reliably support all new software application extensions and be able to modify existing functionality. For example, you can create reusable libraries that extend application functionality with minimal effort.

  • Script/framework versioning

Framework/script versions should be kept in a local repository or version control tool. This makes it easy to monitor software code changes.

Which testing framework is right for you?

Now that you know the benefits of an Automation testing services framework, choose one of the following options:

There are many different testing frameworks out there, and it can be difficult to know which one is right for you. To find the optimal solution, you must first understand your needs. Learn the basics of the testing process before finding the optimal testing framework.

  • Code or no code: See how testers test your app. Are they writing test code or using things like record and playback tests? When testers use coding, they need something flexible. You should look for software like Selenium that supports different languages ​​and apps. If your testing is wireless, you can choose from several smart tools that require no coding, such as Testim.
  • Platform: What platform will the app be running on? Is it a web app, Android app, or iOS app? Different frameworks are special on different platforms. So you have to choose the one that best suits your chosen platform. You should also consider the platform (Windows, Mac or Linux) used by the tester. You need to choose the right framework for the platform you are using.
  • Budget: If the money was not possible, we would have a lot. But we live in a real world where money matters. Consider your budget when deciding which testing framework you will ultimately use. Your budget can be flexible, but should not exceed your league. So you can use the budget as one of the filters.

You can also start with tools that provide out-of-the-box solutions. Learn how to identify the best Automation testing services platform for your organization using a five-step process. More importantly, you need to do as much work as possible to improve your testing process.

Author BIO

Vishnu Yash Tripathi is Module Lead Engineer at Devstringx Technologies, one of the leading Independent software testing services provider company in India,. He has 09 years of experience in manual, security and automation software testing. Based on his in-depth experience in the IT industry, he creates an informative and engaging content. He has worked on OWASP guide line for security testing using various security testing tools. His visionary leadership and flamboyant management style have produced fruitful results for the company.

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