Home » The Definitive Guide to Climbing Aconcagua

The Definitive Guide to Climbing Aconcagua

by Asim Khan

Aconcagua is, strictly speaking, a trekking mountain. The fact is, you’ll be in some severe mountain conditions, so be prepared. The routes of Aconcagua Treks don’t require any technical climbing skills, but this is still a tough high-altitude trip. Crampons may be necessary. However, this depends on the month. Most of the problems are caused by the high altitude, cold weather, and strong winds.

Keep Yourself Hydrated on Aconcagua

Water is essential for life, right up there with oxygen. When the body is well hydrated, blood is approximately 94% water, and water accounts for 60% of the body’s weight. It will come as no surprise to anyone. But we can’t count the times we’ve gone backpacking, trekking, or mountaineering with people who needed to pay more attention to staying properly hydrated. Find out more.

At a height of more than 6,000 meters (19,688 feet), Aconcagua’s high desert has dehydrated and very cold air. Because of the dry air and the increased respiratory rate, dehydration happens much more quickly at higher altitudes. To avoid dehydration when climbing Aconcagua, drink between 4 and 5 liters of water daily.

Be Careful Not to Burn

On Aconcagua, the sun’s intensity is unwelcome and dangerous. The sun and the wind chill will cause you to lose fluids. Your nasal and pharyngeal membranes, as well as your skin, will become drier. Make sure you’re well protected from the sun on your daily journey into Plaza Argentina by wearing thick, protective clothing.

Ahead, Strong Winds

In your mind, prepare yourself for the fact that the winds will be consistently strong above Base Camp. It’s crucial to prepare for Aconcagua with the proper apparel and equipment. It is very important to know how to dress for the different temperatures throughout the day and to have the right clothes on hand.

When we approach Aconcagua Base Camp, temperatures range from a high of 80 °F (25 °C) during the day to a low of 30 °F (-1 °C) at night. Camp 3 has temperatures that can fall to -20 degrees Celsius (-5 degrees Fahrenheit). Thus, the expedition will require a wide variety of clothing and equipment to survive.

Successful Prior Experience

Data-driven training is recommended first. First, have a VO2 max fitness test. Effective exercise requires knowing your target heart rate zones. Second, you need altitude experience. To impress others, climb 6,000 meters (or 19,685 feet). Consider Kilimanjaro and Elbrus.

 Elbrus may test your backpack, climbing clothes, and boots. Only join an Aconcagua Expedition if you’ve climbed Island Peak (6,189 m/20,305 ft.) or Meera Peak (6,476 m/21,246 ft.). High-altitude trekking or mountaineering is required. It’s vital to understand your body’s low-oxygen response.


If proper safety measures are not implemented, Aconcagua can be a lethal mountain. Above Base Camp and below Camp 1 on the chosen route, rock falls are a possibility. Rock falls can happen both on the mountainside and in the Canaletto below. There are, nonetheless, annual fatalities on Aconcagua. Storms, exhaustion, falling rocks, and other dangers that come with high altitude can kill if they are not managed properly. Before the previous climb, a woman was killed when a boulder hit her.

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