Home » Child Rights Protection and Promotion in India: Legal Frameworks and Policies

Child Rights Protection and Promotion in India: Legal Frameworks and Policies

by M Asim

Children are vulnerable members of society who need special care and attention to flourish. Ensuring a safe and prosperous environment for them necessitates the effective implementation of specific policies. Thus, recognising the importance of child rights in India, the nation has embedded these rights into its constitutional framework from the very beginning. Over the years, concerted efforts have been made to safeguard the interests of children through these provisions.

The Constitution of India exhibits profound concern for children’s protection, incorporating numerous measures to safeguard their physical, intellectual, and emotional well-being. This article delves into these policies implemented by the Government of India and various NGOs operating in the sphere of child protection, shedding light on their collective efforts to uphold the rights and well-being of the nation’s children.

Legal Provisions Protecting Child Rights India 

Exploring the significance and impact of the legal frameworks safeguarding child rights India provides valuable insights into the nation’s dedication to developing a brighter future, where the rights of its children are not merely theoretical but actively upheld in reality. Let us delve into these special provisions and examine the nation’s efforts towards their effective implementation. 

The Right to Education Act 

The Right to Education (RTE) Act, introduced in 2009, represents a significant milestone in India’s efforts to ensure universal access to education for all children between the ages of six and fourteen. It emphasises the state’s responsibility to provide free and compulsory education, making it a fundamental right for children across the country. Moreover, this landmark legislation not only recognises education as a basic human right but also acknowledges its pivotal role in shaping a dignified life for every individual.

One of the key positive changes brought about by the RTE Act is the elimination of financial barriers that previously hindered children from attending school. The Act mandates that private schools reserve a percentage of seats for children from economically weaker sections and disadvantaged communities, allowing them to access quality education that was once beyond their reach. Furthermore, the Act places a strong emphasis on the holistic development of children. It recognises that education goes beyond textbooks & exams and aims to encourage creativity, critical thinking, and life skills in students. 

The Right to Life 

The Right to Life, Liberty, and Personal Security, enshrined in the Indian Constitution of 1950, forms the foundation of a just and compassionate society where the sanctity of human life is cherished. Moreover, the Right to Life is not merely confined to the physical existence of individuals but encompasses a broader and more holistic perspective. It includes the right to live with dignity, freedom, and the pursuit of happiness. It empowers individuals to make choices, express themselves freely, and pursue their dreams without fear of oppression or discrimination.

In a nation as diverse as India, this constitutional right unites citizens under a common banner of shared humanity, promoting unity and harmony. It empowers people to raise their voices, participate in the democratic process, and strive for positive change in society.

The Right to Equality 

As per the Indian Constitution, the Right to Equality ensures that every individual within India’s territory shall not be denied equality before the law or equal protection under the law. This constitutional guarantee extends to all citizens, including children, mandating that they be treated fairly and impartially without any discrimination or injustice. The fundamental aim of this right is to safeguard the dignity and integrity of children, ensuring that they are not subject to any form of exploitation or mistreatment.

These policies play a crucial role in promoting a just and inclusive society where every child is treated with respect and provided equal protection under the law, free from any form of discrimination. 

There are also NGOs like Bal Raksha Bharat (also known as Save the Children) that work to create awareness around these policies and ensure their successful implementation in remote parts of the country. Bal Raksha Bharat also follows a child participation approach that ensures children have a say in matters pertaining to their well-being. This approach builds a relationship of trust between children and the NGO, making this partnership a more equitable and fruitful process for children. 

Conclusion 

The importance of child rights in India cannot be exaggerated, as children hold the key to a prosperous and sustainable future. However, the protection and promotion of child rights India is a multifaceted and demanding endeavour that requires support from NGOs such as Bal Raksha Bharat and individuals who feel strongly about this cause. It requires every citizen of the country to come forward and adhere to these policies and help create a better future.

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