In vitro fertilization is an assisted reproductive technology that came into existence in 1950. Initially, this procedure was tested on animals, and in 1978 the first human child was born in England, Louise Joy Brown. Since then, a lot of IVF has gone through a lot of changes and advancements. From egg freezing to frozen embryo transfer, many evolutions have emerged in IVF technology. This ART has become more effective and reliable than ever.
Its popularity is increasing at an unprecedented rate because many couples of the modern era experience infertility issues. If you also have difficulty conceiving, getting IVF treatment in Chandigarh or any other city will be the ideal solution. Keep reading to learn six breakthroughs in In Vitro Fertilization technology.
PGD (Preimplantation genetic diagnosis), also called PGS (Preimplantation genetic screening), is a technique used to examine the genes as well as chromosomes of an embryo created with IVF procedure. It helps to halt the passing of any genetic abnormalities to the offspring of an infertile couple. Although PGD has existed for several years, it has now become more accurate. A new technology named a-CGH (array comparative genome hybridization) has changed PGD. Not just that, a more advanced PDG approach — NGS (next-generation sequencing) is yet to come that could be even more precise and reliable. This will definitely be a revolutionary change in preimplantation genetic disorders procedure and a boon for couples seeking IVF treatment.
Next in line is Time-lapse Imaging. This technology helps inspect the growth rate of different embryos placed in a lab environment. Using Time-Lapse Imaging, reproductive endocrinologists can easily choose the best fit between embryos to transplant into a woman’s womb. Time-lapse microscopy uses a special microscope that clicks the images of the developing embryos every 20 minutes without creating any disturbance. These images are shown on a screen quickly so that doctors can have insight into embryo growth.
Indeed egg freezing is not a new concept, but it has improved with time. You may be surprised to know that the advanced vitrification approach has increased the survival rate of frozen female eggs by 9 times. This technology freezes the eggs for several years without forming ice crystals. It’s a boon for those females who want to start a family in later years of life because of a career or any other reason. But remember, egg freezing doesn’t give a 100% guarantee of pregnancy— it’s just a first step toward IVF.
Extended Preservation Of Embryo In Lab
Another extraordinary achievement in IVF technology is the preservation of embryos in the lab environment for 13 days. Yes, it’s true! In the US & UK, researchers successfully extended the life of embryos in the lab. Now, you must be thinking about its benefits. Well, this gives doctors a chance to examine the embryo’s development before putting it into the womb. If they detect any abnormality, an ideal decision can be taken regarding quitting embryo implantation on time.
An IVF with minimal simulation is named Mini IVF. With the advent of this approach, females going through IVF need to consume lower doses to stimulate ovulation. The good thing about Mini IVF is that it is much cheaper than the traditional one. Also, in this, fewer eggs are produced, but their quality is quite high. Mini IVF is the ideal treatment for females with low AMH and PCOS. It is important to note that this procedure is started only with your natural bleed, and no birth control pills must be avoided before mini IVF.
Improved Egg Quality
High egg quality is crucial for successful IVF. Fortunately, advancement in medical technology has innovated a solution for improving egg quality. Let us explain how it happens: during this procedure, mitochondria (double-membrane-bound organelle) are extracted from the immature eggs of women that are found around the uterine lining and infused into the mature eggs so that they can develop efficiently.
These were a few major advancements in IVF; however, many breakthrough technologies will still come soon and help improve pregnancy rates even more.
Stay tuned to get the latest update on infertility and IVF treatment!